The First War of Chechnya ~ Voltaire ~ 2004
At the time of the collapse of the USSR, when the country was barely coming out of the military campaign in Afghanistan, Moscow – weakened – had to face the autonomist demands of the Caucasian republics. The new identity affirmations were sometimes of a religious nature. When they were Muslim, like in Dagestan, Chechnya, North Osetia and Azerbaijan, Moscow tried to gain the support of the Orthodox minorities. On the contrary, when they were Orthodox, like in Georgia, Moscow looked for the support of the Muslim minorities. The geopolitical analyses of the region with religious opinions in mind or of the “issue of the nationalities” are artful devices: the Kremlin perfectly knows how to adapt its diplomacy to different situations.
Like for many other Red Army officers, the dissolution of the USSR should have meant the end of the military career of Division General Djokahr Dudaiev. However, on October 27th…
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