David Graeber : Είσαι αναρχικός-η; Η απάντηση μπορεί να σε εκπλήξει
no denying i am an anarchist 😀 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C8szRgIcYlY \,,/,
The translation I have done is unedited, so as always to forgive any vulgarity. David Gkraemper is one of the most well-known anthropologists of his generation, and the primary research made on the island of Madagascar, but also for his political activities as an anarchist in the anti-globalization movement of the last decade. Taught at Yale University from where he was expelled because of his political activities. Now teaches at Goldsmith University of London. In Greek circulate books: “Excerpts of an anarchist anthropology” and “Movement, Violence, Art and Revolution,” the libertarian versions Stationary deductible, while preparing the “End of the Pioneers” and “The Debt: The First 5000 years” which is the last book, which is simply amazing. You can see the interview of David Gkraemper since 2010, when it came to Greece: HERE.
You’re the anarchist-The answer may surprise you
Of David Greaber
You probably have already heard a couple things about anarchists and what was supposed to believe. Chances are that what you heard is nonsense. Many people believe that anarchists are proponents of violence, chaos and destruction that is crazy or nihilists who just want to blow everything in the air. In fact nothing could be further from the truth. Anarchists are simply people who believe that human beings are capable of behaving in a reasonable way without them enforce it. It’s a very simple thought. But it’s one that the rich and powerful always found it very dangerous.
In their simplest form anarchist beliefs lead to two basic assumptions. The first is that human beings are, under normal conditions as well as reasonable and decent may also be able to organize themselves and their communities without having to tell them how. The second is that power corrupts. Most terminations, anarchism simply means having the courage to take the principles of common decency with which we all live, and follow them through their logical conclusions. Strange as it may seem, the most important things you already anarchist-or simply do not realize it.
Let’s start by taking a few examples from everyday life.
If there is a line to get on a bus crowded, wait your turn and avoid open road with your elbow, even when there is no police around?
If you answered “yes”, then you wont act like the anarchists!
The most basic anarchist idea is self-organization: the assumption that human beings need not be threatened with persecution for being able to reach a reasonable understanding with one another or to behave with each other with dignity and respect.
Everyone thinks they are capable of behaving reasonably themselves. If you think that the laws and the police are necessary, it is because they think that all other people are not able to behave the same way.
But if you think about it, just so they do not think and all these people to you? Anarchists argue that all the anti-social behavior-that makes us think that it is necessary to have armies, police, prisons and government to control our lives-in actually based on systemic inequalities and injustice armies, police, prisons and governments make possible. Everything is a vicious circle. If people tend to behave like their opinion does not matter, probably very angry, become cynical, even violent – which of course makes it easier for those in power to say their opinion does not count. Just understand that their views have really have the same meaning like all others tend to be remarkably katanoitikoi. Briefly: Anarchists believe is the power itself and its results, that make people stupid and irresponsible.
Are you a member of a club or sports team, of any collectivity where decisions are not imposed by a head but you get the basis of consensus?
If your answer is “yes”, then you belong to an organization that works with anarchist principles! Another anarchist principle is voluntary association. This is simply the application of democratic principles in everyday life. The only difference is that anarchists believe that it should be possible to have a society in which everything will be organized according to this framework-all groups based on the free consent of their members-and for this, all the “from top-down “structures such as military-style armies, bureaucracies or large corporations based hierarchies will no longer be necessary. Maybe you do not think this would be possible. Maybe you think. But every time you reach an agreement through consensus rather than through threats, every time you come to a voluntary arrangement with another person, we reach an understanding or arrive at a compromise taking into account the situation of the other person here or needs of You’re an anarchist-even if you do not understand.
Anarchism is simply the way people act when they are free to do as choose and when dealing with others who are equally free-and therefore are aware of the responsibility that comes with it, to others. This leads to another crucial point: While people can be reasonable and considerate when dealing with equal, human nature is such that we can not trust them when they are given power over others. Give a man such power. Almost inevitably, will the abused in one way or another.
I think most politicians are selfish, egotistical pigs who do not really care about the public interest? Believe that we live in an economic system that is stupid and unfair?
If you answered “yes”, then align themselves with anarchist criticism in today’s society, at least in the broader context of. Anarchists believe that power corrupts, and that those who spend their whole lives seeking power are the last who should have it. Anarchists believe that the current economic system, which is likely to reward people for selfish and ruthless behavior, despite the tenderness and dignity as human beings. Most people feel that way. The only difference is that most people do not think that anything can be done about it, or anyway-and this is something that the faithful servants of possible almost certainly insist-anything that would not end up making things worse .
But what if this is not true?
And is there really any reason to think that? Actually, when you go past the test, most predictions about what will happen without government or capitalism proved entirely untrue. For thousands of years people lived without governments. In many parts of the world people live outside the control of governments today. Of course, in a complex, urban, technological society all this would be more complicated: but technology can also facilitate solving all these problems. In fact, we have not even begun to think that it would be our lives if technology meet real human needs. How many hours should really work to maintain a functional society – ie if you unload all the useless or destructive occupations such as advertisers, lawyers, anthropofylakes, financial analysts, public relations specialists, bureaucrats and politicians, and turning the best scientific minds away from space equipment or systems of financial markets to mechanization dangerous or annoying tasks like mining or cleaning the toilet, and distribute the remaining work to everyone equally? five hours a day; Three? both? Nobody ever knows why nobody asks these kinds of questions. For anarchists, these are the questions you should ask.
Really believe what you say to your children (or told to you by your parents)?
“It does not matter who started it.” “Two wrongs do not make a right” . “Do unto others that you would like to do and the other for you ..” “Clean up the mess you.” “Do not you hurt people because they are different.” Perhaps we should decide if we say lie to our children when we talk about good and evil or if we are willing to take seriously the admonitions us. Because, if you follow these moral principles until their logical conclusions, leads to anarchism.
Take for example the “two wrongs do not make a right.” If you really take it seriously, this alone will blown the whole basis for the war and the criminal justice system. The same goes for sharing: always tell the kids that need to learn to share, allilokatanooun their needs, to help each other. After we go out in the real world where we assume that everyone is on their natural selfish and competitive. But as you noted an anarchist: in fact, we say to our children is right. Almost any big achievements worth the effort in human history, every discovery or feat that improved our lives, based on cooperation and mutual aid. Even now, most of us spend more for families and friends rather than for ourselves. While, perhaps, there will always be people in the competitive world, there is no reason why society should be based on encouraging such behavior, let alone making people compete for the basic necessities of life. This only serves the interests of people in power, who want us to live in fear for one another. That’s why anarchists call for a society based not only on free association and mutual aid. It is a fact that most children grow up believing in anarchist morality and gradually have to understand that the adult world does not work this way. That’s why so many become rebellious or alienated, even suicidal as teenagers, and eventually resigned as adults. Their only consolation, often are able to grow their own children and to pretend that the world is fair. But if we really start to build a world that, even at a minimum, would be based on fair principles?
Would not that be the greatest gift you could give one to his children?
Do you believe that human beings are fundamentally corrupt and evil, or that certain people already (women, people of different color, Democratic People who are not wealthy or do not have higher education) are inferior specimens, destined to be ruled by senior of them?
If you answered “yes”, well, you’re finally anarchist. But if you answered “no”, then probably subscribes ninety percent of anarchist principles, and probably largely live your life according to them.
Whenever you act on another man with understanding and respect, be an anarchist. Whenever you resolve your differences with others to come to a reasonable compromise, listening to what he has to tell everyone than to let one person decide for everyone else, you’re anarchikos.Kathe time I got the chance to impose the force someone to do something, but decides to give the logic of, be an anarchist. The same is true whenever you share something with a friend, or decide who will wash the dishes, to do whatever you paying attention to faces justice.
Now you may disagree with all that is well and good as a way for small groups of people to communicate with each other, but the management of a city or a country, is an entirely different matter. And of course there is something to it. Even when decentralization of society and put as much power as possible into the hands of small communities, there will still be many things that will need to be coordinated through the operation of railway until decisions about what direction should be taken as medical research. But just because something is complex does not mean that there is no way to do it democratically. Just be complicated. In fact, anarchists have a bunch of different ideas and visions for self-management of a complex society. To explain it would take much more than the size and intentions of a small introductory text like this. Suffice to say, first of all, that many people have spent a lot of time devising models for how it would work a truly democratic and healthy society. Certainly, no anarchist claims he has the perfect plan. The last thing you want is to impose prefab models on society anyway. The truth is that it probably can not even imagine half the problems that will arise in our effort to create a democratic society. Even so, we are confident that-with human ingenuity being what it is-such problems can always be solved, as is done in the spirit of our principles, which ultimately are the principles of fundamental human dignity.
Το βρήκα στο http://risinggalaxy.wordpress.com
και το θεώρησα επίκαιρο όσο ποτέ.
Αξίζει να διαβαστεί.
Η μετάφραση που έχω κάνει είναι χωρίς επιμέλεια, οπότε όπως πάντα να συγχωρέσετε την όποια χοντράδα. Ο Ντέιβιντ Γκράεμπερ είναι ένας από τους πλέον γνωστούς ανθρωπολόγους της γενιάς του, και για τη πρωτογενή έρευνα που έκανε στο νησί της Μαγαδασκάρης αλλά και για την πολιτική του δράση ως αναρχικός στο κίνημα κατά της Παγκοσμιοποίησης της τελευταίας δεκαετίας. Δίδασκε στο πανεπιστήμιο του Γέηλ από όπου και εκδιώχθηκε λόγω της πολιτικής του δράσης. Τώρα διδάσκει στο πανεπιστήμιο Γκόλντσμιθς του Λονδίνου. Στα ελληνικά κυκλοφορούν τα βιβλία του:“Αποσπάσματα μιας αναρχικής ανθρωπολογίας” και “Κίνημα , Βία , Τέχνη και Επανάσταση” , από τις ελευθεριακές εκδόσεις Στάσει Εκπίπτοντες, ενώ ετοιμάζονται το “Τέλος των Πρωτοποριών” και το “Το Χρέος…
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