Chronology of events of April 19 1993 Waco Texas
Chronology of events of April 19
05:50 Agents call Branch Davidian compound to warn they are going to begin tank activity and advise residents “to take cover.” Agents say the Branch Davidian who answered the phone did not reply, but instead threw the phone and phone line out of the front door.
05:55 FBI Hostage Rescue Team deploys two armored CEVs to the buildings. CEV1 goes to the left of the buildings, CEV2 to the right.
06:00 FBI surveillance tapes from devices planted in the wall of the building record a man inside the compound saying “Everybody wake up, let’s start to pray,” then, “Pablo, have you poured it yet?” … “Huh?” … “Have you poured it yet?” … “In the hallway” … “Things are poured, right?” CEV1 receives orders to spray two bottles of tear gas into left corner of building.
06:04 Armored vehicle with ram and delivery device to pump tear gas into building with pressurized air rips into front wall just left of front door leaving a hole 8 feet (2.4 m) high and 10 feet (3.0 m) wide. Agents claimed the holes not only allowed insertion of the gas, but also provided a means of escape. Agent sees shots from inside the compound directed at CEVs.
06:10 FBI surveillance tapes record “Don’t pour it all out, we might need some later” and “Throw the tear gas back out.” FBI negotiator Byron Sage is recorded saying “It’s time for people to come out.” Surveillance tapes record a man saying “What?” then, “No way.”
06:12 FBI surveillance tapes record Branch Davidians saying “They’re gonna kill us,” then “They don’t want to kill us.”
06:31 The entire building is gassed.
06:47 FBI fires plastic, nonincendiary tear gas rounds through windows.
07:23 FBI surveillance tapes record a male Branch Davidian saying, “The fuel has to go all around to get started.” Then a second male says, “Well, there are two cans here, if that’s poured soon.”
07:30 CEV1 is redeployed, breaching the building and inserting tear gas. Branch Davidians fire shots at CEV1.
07:48 On FBI tapes of agents recorded during the siege, FBI agent requests permission to fire military-style tear gas shells to break through underground concrete bunker. Gets permission, fires two shells.
07:58 CEV2, with battering ram, rips hole into second floor of compound and then minutes later another hole is punched into the backside of one of the buildings of the compound. The vehicles then withdraw.
08:08 Three pyrotechnic military tear gas rounds are shot at the concrete construction pit (not the concrete bunker), away and downwind from the main quarters, trying to penetrate the structure, but they bounce off.:28–32 Agent in CEV reports that one shell bounced off bunker, did not penetrate.:30
08:24 Audio portion of FBI videotape ends, at request of pilot.
09:00 The Branch Davidians unfurl a banner which reads “We want our phone fixed.”
09:13 CEV1 breaks through front door to deliver more gas.
09:20 FBI surveillance records a meeting starting at 7:30 am between several unidentified males.
UM: “They got two cans of Coleman fuel down there? Huh?”
UM: “All of it?”
UM: “Nothing left.”
10:00 A man is seen waving a white flag on the southeast side of the compound. He is advised over loudspeakers that if he is surrendering he should come out. He does not. At the same time, a man believed to be Schneider comes out from the remains of the front door to retrieve the phone and phone line.
11:30 Original CEV2 has mechanical difficulties (damaged tread), replacement breaches through back side of compound.
11:17 – 12:04 According to the government, a series of remarks like, “I want a fire,” “Keep that fire going” and “Do you think I could light this soon?” indicate that the Branch Davidians have started setting fire to the complex around 11:30.:15–19:287 Surviving Branch Davidians testified that Coleman fuel had been poured, and fire experts in Danfort’s report agree “without question” that people inside the complex had started multiple accelerated fires.
11:43 Another gas insertion takes place, with the armored vehicle moving well into the building on the right rear side to reach the concrete interior room where the FBI believe Branch Davidians are trying to avoid the gas.
11:45 Wall on right rear collapses.
12:03 Armored vehicle turret knocks away first floor corner on right side.
12:07 First visible flames appear in two spots in the front of the building, first on the left of the front door on the second floor (a wisp of smoke then a small flicker of flame) then a short time later on the far right side of the front of the building, and at a third spot on the back side. An FBI agent reported seeing a Branch Davidian member igniting a fire in the front door area.
12:09 Ruth Riddle exits with computer disk in her jacket containing Koresh’s Manuscript on the Seven Seals. Third fire detected on first floor.
12:10 Flames spread quickly through entire building, fanned by high winds. The building burns very quickly.
12:12 Emergency call placed for Waco Fire Department. Two Waco FD trucks are dispatched. Shortly after, Bellmead FD dispatches two trucks.
12:22 Waco fire trucks arrive at checkpoint where they are halted; Bellmead follows shortly after.
12:25 There is a large explosion on the left side of the compound. One object hurtles into the air, bounces off the top of the white bus and lands on the grass.
12:30 Part of the roof collapses. Around this time there are several further explosions and witnesses report the sound of gunfire, attributed by the FBI to live ammunition cooking off throughout the buildings because of fire.
12:43 Fire trucks arrive at compound according to fire department logs.
12:55 Fire begins to burn out. The entire compound is leveled.
15:45 Law enforcement source says David Koresh is dead.
Fatalities of April 19
In all, 76 Branch Davidians died and nine survived the fire on April 19 (five others had been killed in the initial ATF raid and buried on the grounds, one had been killed by ATF after the raid, and 35 had left during the FBI standoff). Fatalities included:
Chanel Andrade, 1, American
Jennifer Andrade, 19, American
Katherine Andrade, 24, American
George Bennett, 35, British
Susan Benta, 31, British
Mary Jean Borst, 49, American
Pablo Cohen, 38, Israeli
Abedowalo Davies, 30, British
Shari Doyle, 18, American
Beverly Elliot, 30, British
Doris Fagan, 51, British
Yvette Fagan, 32, British
Lisa Marie Farris, 24, American
Raymond Friesen, 76, Canadian
Sandra Hardial, 27, British
Diana Henry, 28, British
Paulina Henry, 24, British
Phillip Henry, 22, British
Stephen Henry, 26, British
Vanessa Henry, 19, British
Zilla Henry, 55, British
Novellette Hipsman, 36, Canadian
Floyd Houtman, 61, American
Sherri Jewell, 43, American
David M. Jones, 38, American
Bobbie Lane Koresh, 2, American
Cyrus Koresh, 8, American
David Koresh, 33, American
Rachel Koresh, 24, American
Star Koresh, 6, American
Jeffery Little, 32, American
Nicole Gent Little, 24, Australian, pregnant
Dayland Lord Gent, 3, Australian
Paiges Gent, 1, American
Livingston Malcolm, 26, British
Anita Martin, 18, American
Diane Martin, 41, British
Lisa Martin, 13, American
Sheila Martin, Jr., 15, American
Wayne Martin, Jr., 20, American
Wayne Martin, Sr., 42, American
Abigail Martinez, 11, American
Audrey Martinez, 13, American
Crystal Martinez, 3, American
Isaiah Martinez, 4, American
Joseph Martinez, 8, American
Julliete Martinez, 30, American
John-Mark McBean, 27, British
Bernadette Monbelly, 31, British
Melissa Morrison, 6, British
Rosemary Morrison, 29, British
Sonia Murray, 29, American
Theresa Nobrega, 48, British
James Riddle, 32, American
Rebecca Saipaia, 24, Filipino
Judy Schneider, 41, American
Steve Schneider, 43, American
Mayanah Schneider, 2, American
Clifford Sellors, 33, British
Scott Kojiro Sonobe, 35, American
Floracita Sonobe, 34, Filipino
Aisha Gyrfas Summers, 17, Australian, pregnant
Gregory Summers, 28, American
Startle Summers, 1, American
Hollywood Sylvia, 1, American
Lorraine Sylvia, 40, American
Rachel Sylvia, 12, American
Chica Jones, 2, American
Michelle Jones Thibodeau, 18, American
Serenity Jones, 4, American
Little One Jones, 2, American
Margarida Vaega, 47, New Zealander
Neal Vaega, 38, New Zealander
Mark H. Wendell, 40, American
Source and more relevant info on today’s 20th Anniversary … with the Boston Bombings and Texas RELATED Monsanto explosion 20 MILES FROM WACO in the News